From LINKS Community Center
Publishing Organisation:U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Disaster Management Phase
The best way to prepare for a drought is to conserve water.
Make conserving water a part of your daily life
Indoor Water Conservation Tips Before a Droughtk
- Never pour water down the drain when there may be another use for it.
- For example, use it to water your indoor plants or garden.
- Check all plumbing for leaks.
- Retrofit all household faucets by installing aerators with flow restrictors.
- Insulate your water pipes to reduce heat loss and prevent them from breaking.
- Install a water-softening system only when the minerals in the water would damage your pipes.
- Choose appliances that are more energy and water efficient.
- Consider purchasing a low-volume toilet that uses less than half the water of older models.
- Install a toilet displacement device to cut down on the amount of water needed to flush
- Replace your showerhead with an ultra-low-flow version.
- Instead of using the garbage disposal, throw food in the garbage or start a compost pile to dispose it.
Outdoor Water Conservation Tips Before a Drought
- If you have a well pump, check it periodically.
- Plant native and/or drought-tolerant grasses, ground covers, shrubs and trees.
- Group plants together based on similar water needs.
- Don't install ornamental water features (such as fountains) unless they use re-circulated water.
- Consider rainwater harvesting where practical.
- Contact your local water provider for information and assistance.
- Position sprinklers so water lands on the lawn and shrubs and not on paved areas.
- Check sprinkler systems and timing devices regularly to be sure they operate properly.
- Raise the lawn mower blade to its highest level. A higher cut encourages grass roots to grow deeper and holds soil moisture.
- Plant drought-resistant lawn seed.
- Don't over-fertilize your lawn.
- Applying fertilizer increases the need for water.
- Apply fertilizers that contain slow-release, water-insoluble forms of nitrogen.
- Choose a water-efficient irrigation system such as drip irrigation for your trees, shrubs and flowers.
- Water manually in fall and winter only if needed.
- Use mulch around trees and plants to retain moisture in the soil.
- Mulch also helps control weeds that compete with plants for water.
- Check with your local water agency to see if there is a rebate available for the purchase of a smart controller.
- Install a water-saving pool filter.
- Cover pools and spas to reduce water evaporation.
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